logo

CAPRIVI CONSULTATIVE COMMITTEE

Colonial

Caprivi Strip like any other African countries was part of the scramble for Africa. During colonial time, Caprivi Strip changed from one colonial administration to another. Coloniser tried to link the Caprivi Strip to other countries but could not fit well in any of the countries it was destined.

1885 - Bulozi under Mwanawina to the end of 1909 – He ruled Bulozi to the time when the  British protected Bulozi and Caprivi Strip before the German occupied the territory.

1890 - Arrival of the British in Bulozi including the Caprivi – British Protectorate

1890 - Arrival of the first German by the name of HOPTMAN STREIT WOLF – from Namibia through Gobabis. The German arrived at Arrival of the German at Luhonono - Schuckmansberg.

1890 - 1909 - Heligoland treaty – exchanging the Caprivi Strip with Zanzibar.

1914 - Caprivi under British Military rule and in 1920 Caprivi was governed and ruled as de facto from the British and Island Bechuanaland under the martial law that ended in 1922 and the arrangement never applied to German South West Africa (GSWA).

1919 - Eastern Caprivi Zipfel remained a separate British territory under the Union Act s150 – 151 under the legislation order.

1921 - Caprivi rule under British Bechuanaland Protectorate - through thee Union Government of South Africa.

1928 - Eastern Caprivi Zipfel – Boundaries Commission held near Mashi-Kwando River on 13th August 1931 and Andara - Katima Mulilo Boundary 1928 – 1929.

1929 - Temporarily the administration of the Caprivi Strip was placed under the Governor – General under the Union of South Africa to German South West Africa.

1939 - Administration of the Eastern Caprivi Zipfel transferred back to the Republic of South Africa (RSA) - RSA government -from GSWA – under proclamation No 147 of 1938 UNION MINISTER OF NATIVE AFFAIRS

1962 - 4 Caprivian students studying at Mafikeng – initially political consciousness with the politics in South Africa’s African National Congress (ANC) – started contemplating    about forming a political party.

1964 - Formation of Caprivi African National Union (CANU) and first congress – Mr Brenden Kangongolo Simbwae became the first President, Mr Muyongo as vice president and Zakaria Ndopu as Secretary General of the Party.

1964 - First general CANU meeting and - First crush of the CANU members with the South African security forces – forcing CANU members to flee into exile in Zambia

1964 - CANU established a recruiting office at Sisheke – Zambia

1964 - CANU members were taken from to Lusaka Zambia and met with OPO members for the first time under the leadership of Mr Muyongo.

1964 - CANU and OPO merger with condition – formation of SWAPO– the merger involved the Zambian government – first President of Zambia David Kenneth Kaunda and a prominent Lozi minister then Mr Nalumino Mundia were involved to influence and witness the agreement.

1968 - Proclamation related to the Eastern Caprivi Zipfel or the Caprivi Strip by the Union Government proclamation in terms of s39 of 1968 (s38 (5) of Act 38of 1951 – referred to “No Act of parliament and no ordinance of the Assembly passed on or after the first day of November, 1951 shall not apply in the Eastern Caprivi Zipfel unless it is expressed declared so to apply”. 

By that time however, British and Portuguese interests had begun to grow more interest in the Caprivi while still realising the potentiality of the territory. The treaty between the British and the Lozi, signed between 1890 and 1900, placed the Lozi under the authority of the British South Africa Company, but allowed them considerable autonomy in self-government. Caprivians share a common culture, language and history with the Barotseland people which they have that hereditary connection.